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Mar 23, 2010 2:48 PM by Melissa Canone

Louisiana Among 13 States Suing Federal Government

TALLAHASSEE, Fla. (AP) - Attorneys general from 13 states sued

the federal government Tuesday, claiming the landmark health care

overhaul is unconstitutional just seven minutes after President

Barack Obama signed it into law.

The lawsuit was filed in Pensacola after the Democratic

president signed the 10-year, $938 billion bill the House passed

Sunday night.

"The Constitution nowhere authorizes the United States to

mandate, either directly or under threat of penalty, that all

citizens and legal residents have qualifying health care

coverage," the lawsuit says.

Legal experts say it has little chance of succeeding because,

under the Constitution, federal laws trump state laws.

Florida Attorney General Bill McCollum is taking the lead and is

joined by attorneys general from South Carolina, Nebraska, Texas,

Michigan, Utah, Pennsylvania, Alabama, South Dakota, Idaho,

Washington, Colorado and Louisiana. All are Republicans except

James "Buddy" Caldwell of Louisiana, a Democrat.

Some states are considering separate lawsuits - Virginia filed

its own Tuesday - and still others may join the multistate suit. In

Michigan, the Thomas More Law Center of Ann Arbor, a Christian

legal advocacy group, sued on behalf of itself and four people it

says don't have private health insurance and object to being told

they have to purchase it.

McCollum, who is running for governor, argues the bill will

cause "substantial harm and financial burden" to the states.

The lawsuit claims the bill violates the 10th Amendment, which

says the federal government has no authority beyond the powers

granted to it under the Constitution, by forcing the states to

carry out its provisions but not reimbursing them for the costs.

It also says the states can't afford the new law. Using Florida

as an example, the lawsuit says the overhaul will add almost 1.3

million people to the state's Medicaid rolls and cost the state an

additional $150 million in 2014, growing to $1 billion a year by

2019.

"We simply cannot afford to do the things in this bill that

we're mandated to do," McCollum said at a press conference after

filing the suit. He said the Medicaid expansion in Florida will

cost $1.6 billion.

"That's not possible or practical to do in our state," he

said. "It's not realistic, it's not right, and it's very, very

wrong."

South Carolina Attorney General Henry McMaster, who is also

running for governor, said the lawsuit was necessary to protect his

state's sovereignty.

"A legal challenge by the states appears to be the only hope of

protecting the American people from this unprecedented attack on

our system of government," he said.

But Lawrence Friedman, a professor who teaches constitutional

law at the New England School of Law in Boston, said before the

suit was filed that it has little chance of success. He said he

can't imagine a scenario where a judge would stop implementation of

the health care bill.

Still, McCollum said he expects the U.S. Supreme Court will

eventually decide if the overhaul is constitutional.

"This is not lawful," he said. "It may have passed Congress,

but there are three branches of government."

Some states are looking at other ways to avoid participating.

Virginia and Idaho have passed legislation aimed at blocking

requirements in the bill, and the Republican-led Legislature in

Florida is trying to put a constitutional amendment on the ballot

to ask voters to exempt the state from the federal law's

requirements. At least 60 percent of voters would have to approve.

Under the bill, starting in six months, health insurance

companies would be required to keep young adults as beneficiaries

on their parents' plans until they turn 26, and companies would no

longer be allowed to deny coverage to sick children.

Other changes would not kick in until 2014.

That's when most Americans will for the first time be required

to carry health insurance - either through an employer or

government program or by buying it themselves. Those who refuse

will face tax penalties.

"This is the first time in American history where American

citizens will be forced to buy a particular good or service," said

Nebraska Attorney General Jon Bruning, who is also president of the

National Association of Attorneys General, explaining why his state

joined the lawsuit.

Tax credits to help pay for premiums also will start flowing to

middle-class working families with incomes up to $88,000 a year,

and Medicaid will be expanded to cover more low-income people.

No Republicans in the U.S. House or Senate voted for the bill.

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